When Copernicus proposed the theory that the earth orbited around the sun, it wasn't well received. No one could believe that we weren't the center of the universe! Heck, Galileo was legally named a 'heretic'.
Up until then, nitrous oxide was used as a recreation drug at parties. They discovered the other, useful, function when one man sliced his leg while high and didn't feel like a thing.
One of the most important discoveries ever made was Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. At that time, who would have believed that those cute little monkeys and we had so much in common?
With the many advances in medicine, one would think we don't have to worry about things like tuberculosis anymore. Well, actually, Bacterias are evolving into stronger versions. Some of them are even resistant to modern drugs.
In the nineteenth century, an electric plant was found on the jungle. Yes, an actual tropical plant when in bloom produced electricity from the bottom to the top. The power varied during the day
Scientists pinpoint five moments in history where mass extinctions, for whichever cause, erased entire species. They believe that nowadays we are living in another one, and it's our fault.
In Antarctica, scientists found a small sized meteorite that apparently contained the remains of what they think its actual evidence of microbial life on Mars.
Bad bad bad
Around mid-twentieth century, scientists were able to discover the cause of many heart issues. And that was tasty food. They found that heart diseases were directly linked to many of our favorite foods.
Einstein famous equation E=mc² changed the entire history of not only science but also the world. Most noticeably, it was what eventually allowed the creation of the nuclear energy (and the bomb) and space travels.
Feeling 'under the weather' is an actual thing. It has been proven that the climate affects how we are feeling, and the overall state of our mental health.
A study measuring more than 1.5 million people found out that the temperatures affect our personality. When we are dealing with extremes, people tend to be introverts. And those whose home has a temperature in the middle, extroverts.
We all know how many disasters and devastation humans have caused Mother Nature. And it is so much, that we have already changed the climate of the entire century and it's only going downhill from here.
If not being the center of the universe was such a fuss, imagine finding out that everything we know about space (the stars, the galaxies, the planets) amounts to a lame 4%. The rest is all dark matter and dark energy.
Quantum levitation is based on the so-called Meissner effect. What it does is allow the levitation of an object above a magnetic field, and it opens an entirely new world of possibilities.
Yep, that's a thing. Maybe not in an 'alternative versions of ourselves living different lives' kind of way, but the University of California found a way to make a tiny metal paddle both vibrate AND stay still.
This stands for 'Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response', and what it means is that some sounds evoke in our brains feelings of pleasure. It is also called 'brain tingles' and 'head orgasms'.
Some scientist took time to find out just how horny turkeys were. They went to discovered that a male turkey would try to mate with a female even if she wasn't whole. I mean, he tried to mate with the poor turkey's head on a stick.
Out of Body
Scientists were able to figure out a way to induce out of body experiences. This can be done thanks to the virtual reality lenses that brought the twenty-first century.
The herrings will forever be known as the 'farting fish' from this moment one. Biologists found that they communicate with each other by sounds coming out of their butt, a.k.a, farting.
Other biologists discovered that sea slugs can, ahem, throw away their penises after sex. And they can grow another one in just twenty-four hours. This can only happen thrice though.
If you have a sweet tooth and can't seem to stop while eating chocolate, then you should know that the saliva of the Gila Monster affects the brain in a way that reduces those cravings.
The theory behind warp speed has been modified over the years until they finally found a point where it looks like we could be living in a universe like Star Trek sooner than later.
Robotics is another science field that has been making some crazy advanced over the last few years. Most recently, in Boston, they created a robot that glides through any surface seamlessly and can also jump very high.
Scientists discovered a new species of worm, one that doesn't have the primary organs and functions regardless, that it's believed to be one of the very first life forms on earth. We all have a bit of worm in us then!
After many tries, hydrogen was finally able to be transformed into a metallic state, like the one found in Jupiter's core. However, the scientists kind of lost it in the lab.
One of humanities biggest concern when it comes to science is to see if there is another planet where we can live or find any life forms. With the planet LHS 1140b, 40 light years away, might be it.
What the CRISPR does is basically edit our genes. It cuts through molecules, and it can modify, add, or even take out DNA. One can only imagine what breakthroughs will come out of this.
Japanese scientists found that by switching on four genes, an adult's cells could be returned to their 'original' state. This means repairing damaged tissue and muscle, making a person healthier.
The green wave has even reached the space program. A reused rocket was successfully launched last year, which also saved a lot in regards to money (almost 18 million dollars).
Scientists could recreate the conditions that are inside a mother's womb. This was first successfully tried on lambs, and they used fluid bags for the baby to survive on the outside.
Some earthworms were sent to space, and when they came back, they weren't quite the same. For example, one grew another head. This helps to understand the effect of space conditions on living creatures.
In London, a massive pile of garbage and waste is to be turned into biodiesel. This is the first step to finding a way to get rid of trash, so it doesn't harm the environment, and even helps it.
The role of women in history has been thoroughly undermined. But recently, studies proved that a Viking warrior found in the 19th century surrounded by weapons was, in fact, a woman, leading to a questioning of the entire social dynamics.
We are all familiar with Mt. Vesuvius and how it destroyed the population of Pompeii. But another volcano in Egypt is thought to have been the cause of the end of the Ptolemaic dynasty when it's eruption changed weather patterns, causing famine.
When we are learning new things, our brain gets bigger and then smaller because it distinguishes between essential and non-essential neurons and then kills the latter. This process is called neural pruning.
When scientists drilled the frozen floor of the Antarctic, they found frozen bubbles deep below the surface. Those bubbles were vital to find out and understand how our atmosphere was like millions of years ago.
In the seventies, a group of scientist revisited Lord Kelvin's nineteenth-century theory that stated that humans had another sense, one of magnetism. They said that we might have nose bones prone to feel the magnetism, but we lost the ability along the way.
In the Victorian era, they didn't have any heating so they had to make do with what they could. And they found that wrapping themselves in a newspaper before going to bed worked against the cold.
Water is very peculiar. It makes up for seventy-one percent of the world's surface, and around sixty percent of our body. But it also has very particular phases, fifteen to be exact. One is only two molecule layers big.
In London, scientists analyzed the brains of a series of different people who were on drugs such as LSD and ketamine. Their results showed that they had a higher brain activity than those who were sober.
Being crazy about dieting could cause actual crazy. Recently, a study found a link between people who drank diet beverages daily and high rates of dementia and strokes.
Scientists were able to create a hybrid embryo between a pig and a human. They implanted human cells into a pig embryo, and then placed it inside a pig for four weeks.
In the UK, caterpillars were infected by a virus that made them keep eating until they are more than full, and then makes them climb on top of the leaf. In the end, it makes the caterpillar explode. Very weird, but true.
Our minds tend to go to cockroaches when we are thinking about possible survivors of the end of the world, but in fact, the title most likely belongs to the tardigrade.
THE GRAUBALLE MAN
Mummified bodies are a quite common thing but this body, now known as the Grauballe Man, is a bit unique. Not only is he amazingly well preserved with his hair and fingernails still intact, it is possible to reconstruct his demise from the information found on and around his body.
After much-observing, biologists could find that dung beetles managed to move around at night thanks to the light of the galaxy, using either the moon or far away stars
Scientists were studying mice after heart surgery when they found out that the rodents survival depended on the music they were listening to. Without it, they only lived seven more days, but with two different songs, the number went to 11 and 27 days.
For a very long time, we had the numbers wrong regarding how many penguins live on earth. We were off just by 3.6 million, no biggie. Apparently, the population grew immensely over the last 30 years.
A study was centered on the effects of wind instruments on people, and it actually found that playing the didgeridoo reduces cases of snoring and apnea during sleep. It's a treatment!
This color was invented in 1856. But it's inventor wasn't meaning on doing anything remotely like this. In fact, he was working on discovering a cure for Malaria when he came across it.